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Flourished:1428 - 1443...(Show more)Title / Office:emperor (1428-1443), Vietnam giới...(Show more)Founder:Later Le dynasty...(Show more)House / Dynasty:Later Le dynasty...(Show more)
Le Loi, also called Binc Dinch Vuong or Thuan Thien, reign title Le Tnhị To, (flourished 1428–43, Lam Son, Tkhô giòn Hoa province, Vietnam), Vietnamese general và emperor who won baông xã independence for Vietphái mạnh from Trung Quốc in 1428, founded the Later Le dynasty, and became the most honoured Vietnamese anh hùng of the medieval period.
A wealthy upper-class landowner, Le Loi despised the Vietnamese aristocrats who collaborated with the Chinese governors of Vietphái nam (then known as Dai Viet). Though his country had basically been independent from Trung Quốc since the rebellion of 939, the Ming occupation, which began in 1407, irritated Le Loi, who was greatly affected by the social conditions of the common people, who suffered while the Chinese và the aristocracy thrived at their expense. He declared himself the “Prince of Pacification” và in 1418 led a series of revolts aimed at removing the Chinese overlords from the country. The revolts began in Tkhô giòn Hoa province, south of the Red River valley in northern Vietphái mạnh. There he secured the lowlands và gradually forced the Chinese to retreat to lớn Tay-vì chưng. Le Loi took that centre in 1424–25, then captured Hanoi the following year.
After defeating the Chinese army by clever military strategy, Le Loi assisted their beleaguered forces in returning lớn Trung Quốc. Thereafter he was diplomatic in his relations with the Chinese, sending tribute khổng lồ the Ming emperors, who grudgingly acknowledged his kingdom in 1428. Ascending the throne as the emperor Le Tnhị To, he established the third great Vietnamese dynasty, the Later Le, which maintained itself in Vietphái nam for nearly 360 years. From the time of his accession, China retained only nominal control over Vietnam, which was launched as an independent state.
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Among the achievements of Le Loi’s reign were lvà reforms to help the peasant class. He announced that all people, including women & children, were entitled to lớn a fair mô tả of the land. The land was not divided on an equal basis, however; he repaid his faithful soldiers & generals, & members of the royal family and their kin also received more than did the landless peasants.